October 14, 2019
CURRENT AFFAIRS

China Marks 70th Anniversary in Manila as World’s 2nd Largest Economy

China, Philippines, South China Sea, 70th year, celebration

Highlights:

— In 2019, as China celebrates its 70th National Day, the world wakes up to see the Chinese nation transforming itself as the world’s —

— Second largest economy;

— Largest manufacturing country;

— largest trader of goods with aggregate economic output surpassing RMB 90 trillion (about US$13.6 trillion);

— Its per capita climbing to around US$10,000.

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By EDD K. USMAN, SDN, Twitter @edd1819, Instagram @bluestar0910, Facebook: SDN — Science, Digital & Current Affairs

(SDN) — CHINA has reaffirmed its desire to work together with the Philippines on the issues surrounding the contentious South China Sea.

Ambassador Zhao Jianhua, the top Chinese diplomat in the Philippines, made this and other statements during the Chinese Embassy’s celebration on September 2016 of his country’s 70th founding anniversary in Makati City’s Shangri-La Hotel Manila.

“China and the Philippines are good neighbors, sincere friends and trusted partners. Under the strategic guidance of President Xi Jinping and President (Rodrigo R.) Duterte, China-Philippine relations have moved forward steadily and have delivered tangible outcomes,” the Chinese envoy said.

At the same time, Zhao expressed his country’s commitment in sharing its development with the Philippines.

Among others, to prove his point, he said that China at present is the top trading partner of the Philippines; its largest source of imports and exports market; and second largest source of tourists.

The ambassador recalled that 2018 saw the two countries’ bilateral trade volume at US$55.7 billion, marked by an 8.5 percent year-on-year (YoY) spike.

He added that with $66.62 million last year (12.5 percent higher than 2017’s), China has turned into one of the largest foreign investment origins of the Philippines.

In terms of visitors, Zhao said over 1.2 million Chinese tourists come to the Philippines in 2018.

Another instance of China sharing its development with the Filipino nation is what he said is the considerable progress in synergizing the Belt Road Initiative (BRI) of his government with the Philippines’ Build, Build, Build Plan; the Chico River Pump Irrigation, New Centennial Water Source Kaliwa Dam, and the Philippine National Railways’ (PNR)South Long Haul are steadily gaining ground, seen to contribute to agriculture and transportation development in the country.

China, Philippines, 70th year, celebration, Makati
CHINA AT 70. On September 26, 2019, the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Philippines celebrated its 70th Founding Anniversary at Shangri-La Hotel Manila in Makati City. In the photo are Chinese Ambassador Zhao Jianhua and Acting Foreign Affairs Secretary Eduardo Malaya as they shared the stage. On its 70th year, China pushed itself to become the world’s second largest economy and striving to become the global number one in economy . (Photo: Melo Acuna)

Without citing specifics, the ambassador mentioned over a dozen flagship infrastructure projects now in the pipeline targeted for completion in the coming few years in the Philippines.

“China is committed to being a good neighbor, a good partner and a good friend of the Philippines.” — Ambassador Zhao Jianhua

Turning to exports, he said the Philippines exported some 798,000 tons of bananas worth $345 million in the first half of 2019 to China, becoming the former’s largest export market for banana.

Zhao said Duterte’s fifth visit to his country in August this year saw the two countries “reaching important consensus on deepening mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields and boosting our common development.”

The Chinese envoy emphasized his country’s friendly attitude to the Philippines.

“China is committed to being a good neighbor, a good partner and a good friend of the Philippines.”

Citing more instances, the ambassador said his country provided RMB2.75 billion (some $398 million) of grants and another $273 million of soft loans to the Philippine government for its Build, Build, Build Plan.

Zhao said his government will further provide another RMB3 billion (around $421 million) grant between 2019 and 2022.

China’s contributions for Filipinos have also created 800 jobs like the drug rehabilitation centers catering to 300 patients it funded in Agusan del Sur and Sarangani provinces in Mindanao.

This is not to mention the Chinese-funded solar projects in Zambales province in Luzon that have been bringing electricity to over 1,000 residents and two primary schools.

He said the solar projects “will brighten even more remote Philippine villages.”

In the agriculture and fishery sector, the ambassador said his country is ready to send experts to transfer technology, “so that the Philippine farmers and fishermen can directly enjoy the dividends of China-Philippine relations.”

On the issue of maintaining regional peace and stability with the Philippines, Zhao assured China’s commitment.

China, Philippines, 70th year, celebration, Amb. Zhao Jianhua
SOLAR LIGHTING. Chinese and Filipino officials launch the solar power lighting projects of China in one of the Philippines’ remote Luzon villages. (Photo: Embassy of China)

2018: over 700 million out of poverty

Here’s part of Zhao’s speech at the celebration:

 

  •  More than 60% of China’s foreign trade and energy supplies pass through the South China Sea, so China has a greater stake in safeguarding the peace and stability of the South China Sea than any other country.

  • It is our  belief that South China Sea issue is not the sum total of China-Philippine relations, nor disputes the sum total of South China Sea issue.

  • China would like to work together with the Philippines and give full play to existing mechanisms such as the Bilateral Consultation Mechanism on the South China Sea (BCM) and Joint Coast Guard Committee (JCGC) to properly manage our differences.

  •  We would also like to make concerted efforts with the Philippines to promote substantial progress of the joint exploration of oil and gas.

  • China will continue to support the Philippines as country coordinator of China-ASEAN dialogue relations. And it is our hope that during the Philippines’ tenure, Code of Conduct (COC) consultations could be concluded with the aim of  turning South China Sea into a sea of peace, friendship and prosperity.

(ASEAN stands for Association of Southeast Asian Nations composed of Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, and Vietnam.)

In relation with this, the Chinese ambassador noted what he described as “profound and complex changes” in “the current international and regional landscape.”

Expressing China’s confidence in overcoming a gauntlet of difficulties and challenges lying ahead, Zhao nevertheless assured that, “China will continue to attach great importance to China-Philippines relations and cooperation, and will work hand-in-hand with the Philippines to handle bilateral relations from a strategic and long-term perspective, bringing more benefits to the two peoples and injecting more positive energy to regional peace and stability.”

Meanwhile, even the international community has lauded China for its poverty-uplifting programs characterized, among others, by raising over 700 million of its citizens out of poverty in 2018.

This is a result of the staggering increase of the Chinese people’s per capita disposable income of a mere RMB50 in 1949 to RM28,228 (some $4,030) in 2018. (SDN)

Logo of China’s 70th Founding Anniversary courtesy of China Daily.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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