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In some Muslim countries, Sunday, April 11, 2021 corresponds to Sha’ban 28, 1442 (like in the United Arab Emirates) while in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia it is Sha’ban 29, 1442. Sha’ban is the eighth month of the Islamic Hegirah lunar calendar followed by Ramadan. Hegirah has 12 months but has either 29 or 30 days, no 31 days unlike the solar Gregorian calendar. Since it is based on moon cycles, Hegirah is short by about 11 days compared to the 365 days of Gregorian.
By EDD K. USMAN
(SDN) — IN THE PHILIPPINES THE MONTH OF RAMADAN 1442 STARTS ON APRIL 13, 2021. LOCAL MUSLIMS WILL BEGIN THEIR MONTH-LONG FAST ON TUESDAY.
This is according to the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) headed by Secretary Saidamen B. Pangarungan.
“The entire NCMF and Secretary Saidamen B. Pangarungan are one with the Muslim Ummah (global Islamic community0 in celebrating this joyous event. Let us welcome the Holy Month with hope in our hearts, and faith in Allah subhanna wa’taalah,” Dr. Dimapuno Alonto Datu-Ramos, NCMF spokesman said.
Datu-Ramos said the NCMF National Moon-sighting Committee ventured in open fields in multiple locations across the Philippines on Sunday, April 11.
He said all the commission’s moon-sighting teams reported zero sighting of the crescent moon that ushers in every new month of the Hegirah. Moon-sighting is conducted early. None of the team members saw the crescent.
The committee counted on NCMF officials, employees, and volunteer religious leaders.
“Therefore, the start of Ramadan will be on April 13, 2021, Tuesday,” the NCMF announcement declared.
Every year the determining the first day of Ramadan is a contentious issue among members of the estimated 1.6-billion strong Muslim world. While all Islam believers across the world follow Saudi Arabia’s lead concerning the start of the five-day Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca), this cannot be said of when Ramada begins. The Hajj comes about three months after Ramadan.
Ramadan fasting or Sawm is one of the five pillars of Islam. The others are Shahaddah (Profession of Faith); Salat (Five Daily Prayers), Zakat (Obligatory Charity), and Hajj.
During Ramadan adult Muslims are obliged to fast or abstain from eating, smoking, drinking, sex from sunrise to sunup. They kick off their fast with a pre-dawn breakfast called “Suhur” and break their day-long fast after sunset with “Iftar”.
Exempted from the fast (but they have to replace their missed fast) are the sick, pregnant women, children, travelers, women in their monthly period, suckling mothers, among others. (/)
Featured Ramadan representation credit and thanks to Times of India.