House Committee Approves Atomic Regulation Bill on Ionizing Radiation

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Clamor for a stronger legal regulatory framework for ionizing radiation has received support from a House of Representatives committee.

This was relayed to SDN — Science & Digital News through an email message.

It noted that the bill towards a stronger legal regulatory framework for ionizing radiation again moved forward as it hurdled the House Committee on Appropriations. 

Creating Philippine Atomic Regulatory Commission (PARC)

The Committee recently approved the substitute bill for the Comprehensive Atomic Regulation Act, consolidating 13 house bills in support of the measure.  

During the committee meeting last May 12, 2021, Secretary Fortunato de la Peña, chief of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), expressed his support for the creation of an independent regulatory body consistent with international standards. 

Congress legislators and DOST chief during House session.
Photo supplied.

Among the key provisions of the bill is the proposed creation of the Philippine Atomic Regulatory Commission (PARC) which will be charged with the regulation of all activities and facilities involving sources of ionizing radiation. 

These include nuclear and radioactive materials, facilities, and radiation-generating equipment which are commonly used in the medical and industrial sectors. 

The Philippines currently has two regulatory bodies dealing with ionizing radiation, such as the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) which regulates nuclear and radioactive materials and facilities, and the Center for Device Regulation, Radiation Health and Research (CDRRHR) under the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the Department of Health (DOH) that regulates radiation generating devices such as X-ray machines.

PNRI Building in Quezon City.
Photo of Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) supplied.


De la Peña  said that no less than the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has repeatedly emphasized that regulatory functions should be separate from promotion and research work, hence the proposed creation of PARC as a separate regulatory agency from PNRI, which is under the DOST. 

“IAEA’s Milestone Approach on 19 nuclear infrastructure issues”

He also emphasized the timeliness of the legislative measure given the continued expansion of nuclear applications in agriculture, medicine and industry, and because the country is once again studying the inclusion of nuclear power to its energy mix. 

President Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order (EO) 116 last year, which created the Nuclear Energy Program Inter-Agency Committee (NEPIAC) to study the adoption of a national position on nuclear power. The NEPIAC is chaired by the Department of Energy (DPE) with the DOST as vice chair. 

The study incorporates the IAEA’s Milestone Approach on 19 nuclear infrastructure issues a country must first address in preparation for a nuclear power program, including the establishment of an independent regulatory body. 

In January 2019 the House of Representatives approved the bill, well before the closing of the 17th Congress. 

The bill was later re-filed in the 18th Congress, where it was approved during the House Joint Committee on Government Reorganization, Science and Technology and Energy in March 2020, before the Covid-19 pandemic led to stringent community quarantine measures across the country. 

In the Upper Chamber, Senate President Vicente “Tito” Sotto III and Senator Ramon “Bong” Revilla, Jr. filed counterpart bills. (✓)

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